A form of literary interpretation that employs the terms of psychoanalysis (the unconscious, repression, the Oedipus complex, etc. ) in order to illuminate aspects of literature in its connection with conflicting psychological states.
Psychoanalytic criticism adopts the methods of" reading" employed by Freud and later theorists to interpret texts. It argues that literary texts, like dreams, express the secret unconscious desires and anxieties of the author, that a literary work is a manifestation of the author's own neuroses. Psychological Criticism: This approach reflects the effect that modern psychology has had upon both literature and literary criticism.
Merits of Psychological Approach: In the right hands, this approach can be useful in understanding motivation and causality. Psychoanalysis has helped us to understand human behaviour and many writers have explored this field to great advantage. Psychological criticism in literature is the psychological analysis of motivations of the author and his work.
This criticism is based on the theory that authors physiological state is unconsciously reflected in different aspects of the work such as characters, symbols, setting, and language.
Psychological Criticism, also known as Psychoanalytical Criticism, is the analysis of an authors unintended message. The analysis focuses on the biographical circumstances of an author.
The main goal is to analyze the unconscious elements within a literary text based on the background of the author. A psychoanalytic criticism argues that an author's unconscious desires and anxieties can be found in literary texts. Ultimately, any type of literature (from poetry to prose) acts as a manifestation of an author's internal desires and thoughts.
What is a Psychoanalytic Critical Approach? Psychoanalytic Theory is a branch of literary criticism which was built on the principles of psychoanalysis developed by Sigmund Freud ( ). At its best, though, psychoanalytic criticism doesn't try to diagnose characters and authors, as in: that Hamlet was a total nervous wreck with a massive guilt complex, and poor Ophelia was hysterical. Psychoanalytic literary criticism is literary criticism or literary theory which, in method, concept, or form, is influenced by the tradition of psychoanalysis begun by Sigmund Freud.
Psychoanalytic reading has been practiced since the early development of psychoanalysis itself, and has developed into a heterogeneous interpretive tradition.